top of page
pepe grijalva.jpg


Jose Rafael ‍Grijalva Eternod

Academic training 

  • Doctorate in human rights | 2018-   | University Carlos III of Madrid.

  • PhD in Bioethics | 2020-   | ANAHUAC University, MEXICO.

  • Master of Advanced Studies in International Law and International Relations  | 2006 - 2008 | Complutense University of Madrid.

  • Diploma in international law and international relations  | 2003 | Complutense University of Madrid.

  • Law degree  | 1998 – 2003 | National Autonomous University of Mexico.

  • Higher studies in sociology  | 1995 – 1999 | Metropolitan Autonomous University.

Formación Académica

Professional experience

  • Legal adviser. Congress of the State of Mexico.

  • Coordinator of the Gender Studies Seminar. University Carlos III of Madrid.

  • Director of the College of Law and Human Rights. University of the Cloister of Sor Juana.

  • Area Director of the 4th Vice Province. Human Rights Commission of the Federal District.

  • Director of Training of the Public Service in Human Rights. Human Rights Commission of the Federal District.

  • Research professor. Department of Law. Ibeoamerican University.

  • Research Fellow. United Nations.

  • Judicial Officer. Federal Courthouse. 6th District Court in Civil Matters,

  • Prosecutor's Office Specialized in Crimes of Homicide. Federal District Attorney General's Office.

Experiencia profesional

Teaching experience

National Institute of Criminal Sciences.

  • Professor of the Master's Degree in Criminal Law Sciences in the subjects of Theory of Human Rights I and II. Professor of the Specialty in Ministerial Training in the subjects of Human Rights Protection Mechanisms. Trainer of Federal Public Ministries of SEIDO and the international area of PGR. Professor of the Master's Degree in Forensic Sciences in the Referent subjects of Criminological-Victimological Policies and The result and its legal significance I and II. Professor of the Master in Victimology.

Human Rights Commission of the Federal District.

  • Coordinator and teacher of the Permanent Seminar Current realities in the exercise of rights. Coordinator of the distance education strategy of the CDHDF. Coordinator and teacher of the High Level Diploma Human Rights and the Use of Force in the Action of the Security Forces in collaboration with the International Committee of the Red Cross, UNAM and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights . Coordinator and teacher of the Diploma in Human Rights and Environmental Problems in collaboration with the PAOT and the Ministry of the Environment. Coordinator and teacher of the Human Rights Diploma for Journalists and Communication Professionals, in collaboration with the Universidad Iberoamericana, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights.


Federal School of Judicial Training.

  • Professor of the Master in Constitutional Law in the subjects Constitutional Law, Legal Sociology and Fundamentals of Human Rights.


Anahuac University.

  • Professor of the Degree in International Relations and the Postgraduate in International Security. Coordinator of the Expert Tools Diploma for the participation of social scientists in the resolution of legal problems, in collaboration with the National Autonomous University of Mexico and the Center for Research and Higher Studies in Social Anthropology (CIESAS).


University of the Cloister of Sor Juana.

  • Professor of the Law Degree. Coordinator of the Seminar Current Reality of Migrant Workers in collaboration with the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the International Labor Organization. Coordinator of the Permanent Seminar on International Protection of the Person.


Popular Autonomous University of the State of Puebla.

  • Professor of Environmental Law and Human Rights.


Ibeoamerican University. Human Rights Program.

  • Professor and lecturer on various legal topics related to Human Rights. Permanent tutor of the AUSJAL Diplomas in matters of access to justice.


University panameric.

  • Professor of the Law Degree in the Human Rights subject.


La salle university.

  • Professor of the Law Degree in the subjects Public International Law and Private International Law.

Experiencia docente


  • Grijalva Eternod, J. and Becerra Ramírez, J. (coords.) Selected Themes of Human Rights: Studies in Homage to 10 Years of the Constitutional Reform of Human Rights in Mexico. Tirant lo Blanch, Mexico, 2022.

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R. The impact of the American Convention on Human Rights on interpretive models of Human Rights in Latin America, in Grijalva Eternod, J. (coord.) Selected Themes of Human Rights: Studies in Tribute to 10 years of the Constitutional Reform on Human Rights in Mexico. Tirant lo Blanch, Mexico, 2022.

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R. Approaches to the phenomenon of Colombian parapolitics and the suspension of political rights to criminals: the Álvaro García case, in Ríos Vega, Luis, E. and Spigno, Irene. (dir.), Case studies of domestic and foreign leaders. Citizen death in America and Europe. A contemporary debate. Tirant lo Blanch, Mexico, 2021. 

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R., The recommendations of the United Nations Special Rapporteurship on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, in Mejı́a Joaquí́n (coord.), The International Obligations of the State of Honduras in the field of Human Rights and Natural Assets, ERIC, Honduras, 2018. 

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R. and Fernández Molina, Ma. Victoria. Access to water as a necessary condition to guarantee the right to food, in Restrepo-Yepes, Olga and Molina Saldarriaga, Cesar Augusto (coords.). Right to Food in the Latin American context. University of Medellín, 2017. 

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R. and Fernández Molina, Ma. Victoria. The Use of Force and Security Policies: A critical look at the participation of the Armed Forces in Mexico, in Mejı́a Joaquín (comp.) Citizen Security and Public Policies against Violence: Sharing Experiences and Visions. UAH-IUDPAS, 2016. 

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R. (et. al.), Manual for the Development of Socioemotional Skills in the Classroom with a Human Rights Perspective, UNDP-SEP, Mexico, 2016.

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R., Approaches to the challenges of the ICC in the application of the International Criminal Justice System. Sovereignty and Complementarity, in Guevara, José and Dondé Matute, Javier, Essays on Selected Topics of the International Criminal Court, Tirant lo Blanch, Mexico, 2016.

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R., Human Rights and International Justice: Failed Transitions?, in El Cotidiano Magazine, July-August, 2013, No. 180. 

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R., The Jurisdictional Protection of the Right to Food in Mexico: new protection options, Chile, Observatory of the Right to Food in Latin America and the Caribbean – FAO, 2012.

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R. (Comp.), Right to Integrity: outlines on torture in Mexico (proposed law), Mexico, Universidad Iberoamericana, 2011. 

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R., Human Rights Violations and Universal Jurisdiction, in Mejía Joaquín (coord.), The coup d'état in Honduras from a Human Rights perspective, ERIC, Tegucigalpa, Honduras, 2010.

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R., From Nuremberg to The Hague. The International Criminal Court: between the sword and the balance, in Guajardo Villareal, Mary Telma (coord.), Current Issues in Human Rights, Mexico, FUNDAP, 2010.

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R., The Principle of Universal Jurisdiction 60 years after the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Universality vs. Sovereignty, in García Rodríguez, Luis (coord.), Studies in Tribute to the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Mexico, FUNDAP, 2008.

  • Grijalva Eternod, José, Terrorism before the review of the Rome Statute, La Jornada en la Ciencia, June, 2010.

  • Grijalva Eternod, José R., Towards the establishment of a discourse of migrants based on Human Rights, in Jurado, Romel (coord.) The Political Discourse of Immigrants, Citizenship and Immigration Notebooks, Madrid, AESCO, 2ª. edition, 2007. 

  • Grijalva Eternod, José, Critical Legal Studies and the application of International Law: A return to the Theory?, in Cauces Magazine of the Faculty of Law of the UNAM, June 2006, year IV, no. 18.




Featured national papers:

  • Paper: Abortion in Mexico after the resolution of the SCJN. An approach from Human Rights. UPAEP. September, 2021

  • Presentation: National and International Mechanisms for Environmental Protection. National Bioethics Commission. May, 2021.

  • Lecture: International Standards for the Investigation, Punishment and Reparation of International Crimes. Attorney General of Justice of the State of Chihuahua, April, 2021

  • Presentation: First respondent and place of intervention in cases of Torture, Forced Disappearance and other crimes against humanity. Secretary of Government. Chihuahua. November, 2020.

  • Lecture: The protected witness. University of Guadalajara. October, 2020.

  • Lecture: The gender perspective in criminal investigation. Attorney General of the Republic, June, 2020.

  • Presentation: Routes for investigation and reparation in cases of Forced Disappearance in Mexico. Attorney General of the Republic, March, 2020.

  • Transitional Justice Mechanisms before the commission of crimes of international importance. Judicial Power of the State of Jalisco. September, 2019.

  • Routes for the construction of peace. Critical approaches to the contexts of violence in Mexico. Autonomous University of Chihuahua, May, 2019.

  • Lecture: The Influence of the Mexican Constitution on Global Constitutionalism. conversational. Anahuac University. February, 2017.

  • Presentation: Human Rights and Hacktivism. Cultural Center of Spain and University of the Cloister of Sor Juana. October, 2016.

  • Paper: Human Rights, Justice Institutions and Penal Reform. First seminar on Poverty, Migration and Insecurity in Mexico. University Center for Economic Sciences. University of Guadalajara. November, 2016.

  • Presentation: Jurisdictional Protection of the Right to Non-Discrimination. Legal Research Institute. UNAM. October, 2016.

  • Presentation: Education as a Peace Project. Pontifical University of Mexico. August, 2015.

  • Lecture: New Tools for Human Rights Education. 1st. Conversation on Human Rights Education. CDHDF-University of Valencia-Institute of Legal Research of the UNAM. May, 2015.

  • Paper: Human Rights and Constitution: Hierarchy vs. Legitimacy. VIII Congress of Law Students. University of Guadalajara, October 2013.

  • Presentation: The right to food as a fundamental right in Mexico. 1st. Congress on Right to Food. Pedregal University, November 2011.

  • Presentation: Analysis of cases against Mexico in the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. VI Committee for the Analysis of Jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Iberoamerican University, May 2011.

  • Presentation: The suspension of political rights before the commission of crimes against humanity, a comparative perspective. The Colombian case. National Congress of the Center for Political Studies-Federal Electoral Tribunal, February 2011.

  • Lecture: Critical Approaches to the Operation of the International Criminal Court Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, November 2010.

  • Presentation: Human Rights, International Crimes and Universal Jurisdiction, II Latin American and Caribbean Congress of Social Sciences, FLACSO, May 2010.

  • Presentation: Terrorist and other drug-related crimes, First Revision Conference of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, February 2010.

International presentations:

  • Lecture: Constitutional Justice and Public Liberties. Second International Congress on Human Rights and Constitutional Culture. November, 2021.

  • Lecture: New masculinities against Heteropatriarchy. University Carlos III of Madrid. February, 2018.

  • Presentation: The role of Human Rights Education in contexts of violence. Wall, Borders and Bridges Program: Law and Society in an inter-connected world. Law and Society Congress, June 2017.

  • Lecture: The Use of Force in the Framework of Security Policies. The Mexico case. er. Congress on Citizen Security and Violence Prevention Policies: Sharing Experiences and Regional Visions. University Institute in Democracy, Peace and Security of the Autonomous University of Honduras. April 2015.

  • Presentation: Education on Human Rights and violence. Human Rights and Cultural Anthropology Seminar. University of Ljubjana, Slovenia. March, 2015.

  • Presentation: The right to food, progress and ways to enforce it. III Regional Meeting of the Observatory of the Right to Food in Latin America and the Caribbean. ODA-IALCSH-CDHDF-FAO. November 2013.

  • Presentation: Experiences around the policies of coexistence, violence prevention and security in Mexico. Seminar on Coexistence and security from a Human Rights approach. Inter-American Institute of Human Rights. The Savior. October, 2012.

  • Paper: Current challenges of the International Criminal Court. National meeting of Non-Governmental Organizations for the justiciability of human rights. Autonomous University of Honduras. August, 2011.

  • Presentation: Justice and Truth in Transition processes. III International Congress on International Justice and Transitional Justice. IDEJUST, Brazil. October, 2010. 

  • Lecture: Impunity, International Criminal Justice and the Principle of Universal Jurisdiction. I Congress on Convergence for Human Rights. ERIC-SJ, Honduras. March, 2010. 

  • Presentation: Political rights, crimes against humanity and democracy: Analysis of the Butti, Patti and Ríos Montt cases. III International Congress of Electoral Studies. University of Salamanca. Spain. October 2009.

Main research and consulting projects

  • Analysis and proposal for reform of the State Law for the prevention of school violence in the State of Hidalgo.  Entity: Government of Hidalgo. 

  • Design of Protocols for the prevention, detection and care of bullying, child abuse and sexual abuse in compulsory education schools in the State of Puebla.  Entity: Government of Puebla.

  • Design of an Intervention Model for School Violence with a Human Rights perspective.  Entities: Attorney General's Office and Secretary of Public Education.

  • Research Project: Water as a necessary condition to guarantee the right to food.  Entities: UN/FAO, Autonomous University of Coahuila.

  • Research Project: Constitutional and Inter-American Jurisprudential Dialogue.

  • Organizing Entities: Konrad Adenauer Foundation; Institute of Legal Research-UNAM; Ibeoamerican University. 

  • Research Project: Foreign Direct Investments and their impact on Tourism.

  • Organizing Entities: UN-WTO.

Principaes proyecos deinvesigación


Constitutional law, freedom of expression, right to defend rights, cosmopolitanism, multiculturalism.



  • ​English: TOEFL IBT: 110.


Other relevant academic information 

  • International Litigation. Accompaniment and drafting of the communication to the International Criminal Court for the human rights violations committed during and in the period after the coup in Honduras.

  • Amicus Curiae. Participation in the case Karen Atala vs. Chili.

  • Judge of the International Competition “Víctor Carlos García Moreno.” Procedure before the International Criminal Court. Editions 2014, 2015 and 2016.

  • Judge of the University Competition on Human Rights “Sergio García Ramírez”. 2015 edition.

  • Judge of the Inter-American Moot Court. Washington College of Law. 2015 edition.

  • Member of the Observatory for Spain, Latin America and the Caribbean on the Right to Food

  • Member of the Latin American Network Checks & Balances

Otra información académica relevante
bottom of page